How to Get the Benefits of Wine without the Downsides

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Wellness Mama » Blog » Health » How to Get the Benefits of Wine without the Downsides

Wine: Drink half a glass per child, per day.

That was the answer a mom of many children gave me when I asked how she did it all several years ago. Of course, she was saying that she drank half a glass per day for each child she had (not that she gave it to the kids… in case that was unclear). And she was half joking (but only half) since with the number of kids she had, she would have been drinking several bottles a day.

Reasons to Drink Natural Wine

im-having-fruit-salad-for-dinner-well-its-grapes-mostly-ok-all-grapes-im-having-wineThe fruit of the vine is a natural choice to accompany almost any meal. There is quite literally a wine for every occasion.

Internet memes abound about the stress-relieving effects of this delicious beverage. Gag-gift funny products joke about its benefits, from glasses the size of a whole bottle, to coffee mugs that declare:

Lord, give me coffee to change the things I can, and wine to change the things I can’t.

All joking aside, it has been extensively studied for its health benefits and its affect on mood, heart health, and longevity.

Turns out my friend may have been on to something…

Is Drinking Red Wine Healthy?

The short answer?

Yes.

You’ve probably seen the headlines over the years about the heart health-promoting benefits of red wine. These heart benefits have been well-studied. Recent research has uncovered many other benefits to this age-old fermented drink as well.

Red wine contains Resveratrol, which is not found in white wine, but recent research has called its benefits into question. The study looked at elderly residents in Tuscany and found no noticeable difference in the Resveratrol levels in the urine of those who lived longer vs. those who didn’t.

Studies about the benefits of Resveratrol have typically looked at how it affects cells in a lab setting. This isn’t necessarily an accurate representation of its role in the body. At the same time, just measuring urine levels may also not provide a clear picture of benefit.

From all of the research I’ve read, I’m not sold on the benefits of Resveratrol, as we’d essentially have to drink wine non-stop and swim in it constantly to reach the concentrations used in lab studies. At the same time, it isn’t the only beneficial compound in wine, and I think there are other benefits far beyond Resveratrol.

These studies also show that no compound, no matter how beneficial, can replace the importance of a healthy lifestyle. Alcohol consumption should just be a small part of an overall healthy lifestyle of a good diet, quality sleep and movement. I enjoy a mulled wine every now and then.

How Much Red Wine is Good for your Health?

It is important to note that all of the studies found the most benefit from moderate consumption of wine.

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans define moderate consumption as one glass per day for women and up to two glasses per day for men.

Note: The good news for those who choose not to drink is that it is possible to get many of these same health benefits from other sources (although it will be much less enjoyable to do so 😉 ).

Health Benefits of Wine

For some people, the only benefit they care to understand is that it tastes great and helps take the edge off.

If you are interested in a little more of the research and understanding the nuances of what makes a great wine, read on.

Please note that not all wines are created equal. Some have a host of additives that can negate the benefits and be downright harmful, but I’ll discuss that later.

1. It Does the Heart Good

This is the most well-cited benefit. According to the Mayo Clinic:

Red wine, in moderation, has long been thought of as heart healthy. The alcohol and certain substances in red wine called antioxidants may help prevent heart disease by increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) and protecting against artery damage.

2. Especially With Exercise

A more recent study found an even more noticeable benefit to those who drank regularly and exercised regularly. The benefit of the two combined exceeded the benefit of either on its own. In this study, called In Vino, Veritas, researchers actually introduced the fruit of the vine to non-drinkers to track the results.

The participants drank moderate amounts of wine five days per week. Moderate amount was defined as 2-3 glasses per day for men and 1-2 glasses per day for women.

This moderate drinking did not seem to affect cholesterol, blood glucose, triglycerides, or levels of inflammatory markers like C-reactive protein. It also did not negatively affect people’s livers during the year.

The researchers then looked at the data of those who drank and exercised. Those who worked out twice per week and drank saw significant improvement in cholesterol levels. They increased HDL and decreased LDL after a year of regular moderate wine consumption.

In this study, the effects were the same with red or white wine.

3. Live Longer (or At Least Better)

According to a 2007 study out of Finland, wine drinkers have a 34 percent lower mortality rate than beer or spirits drinkers.

An abundance of anecdotal evidence supports longevity claims as well. In a blue zone (area with a high concentration of people who live longer than most places in the world) in Greece, residents consume wine daily. Researchers think this may be part of the reason for their longevity. Other reasons include consuming a lot of vegetables and good relationships with family and friends.

At the end of the day, many of us can agree that blue zones and studies aside, wine improves the quality of life!

4. A Better Brain

Wine may also have positive effects on the brain. A 2006 Columbia University study found that brain function declines more quickly in nondrinkers than in moderate drinkers.

Other studies back this up:

A Loyola University Medical Center Study found that those who drank red wine regularly had a 23% lower risk of dementia. “In this study, the researchers gathered and analyzed data from academic papers since 1977. The studies, which spanned 19 nations, showed a statistically significantly lower risk of dementia among regular, moderate drinkers in 14 countries.”

5. A Happier Life

Those of us who appreciate a nice glass of wine don’t need studies to tell us this. It turns out that wine may have a clinical benefit for happiness and mental health as well.

A Spanish study (this one) found that those with a moderate consumption of 2-7 glasses a week were less likely to suffer from depression.

6. Age More Gracefully

Age and bottles of wine should not be counted. -Italian Proverb

Alcohol may make us look like we are aging more gracefully when we look in the mirror. Wine may actually help us age more gracefully.

A study carried out at the University of London found that procyanidins, compounds commonly found in red wine, keep the blood vessels healthy and are one of the factors that contribute towards longer life spans enjoyed by the people in Sardinia and the southwest of France. The researchers also found that red wine made in the traditional way has much higher levels of procyanidins than other wines.

These same procyanidins may also help improve the appearance of skin and reduce wrinkles, though the studies aren’t as definitive on this.

Problems with Drinking Wine

In a perfect world, wine drinking would have all of those benefits without any downsides. Unfortunately, we don’t live in a perfect world so of course there are also a few downsides to some types of wine.

Why only some types?

I started researching the health benefits of wine months ago and was shocked at some of the information I found. I’d always focused on organic or wines made in the USA since I try to buy organic and local whenever possible.

This changed when I researched wines.

It turns out that the great majority of domestic wines are highly processed and contain additives. Also, if they aren’t organic, they practically all contain glyphosate as well. Glyphosate is also known by its brand name, Roundup, and because US soil is so contaminated, it was found in almost every US wine that was tested, even organic ones.

Those of us who experience headache, brain fog or other negative effects from wine may just be reacting to the additives, not the beverage itself. Ever gotten purple teeth from drinking a delicious red? Turns out it may be an additive called Mega Purple and not the wine itself!

Common Additives in Wine

There are dozens of approved additives for wine, yet you may not want to drink some of them. Vintner’s can add these without disclosing it on the label.

Common Wines May Contain a Host of These Additives, Including:

  • Mega Purple & Ultra Red– You probably think the dark red/purple color is natural, right? Not so fast! Manufacturers can add these super-concentrated coloring agents to change the color. According to Abel James, manufacturers add 10,000 gallons of this stuff to an estimated 25 million bottles a year! And it isn’t just for color. These additives add sweetness (and sugar) as well. React to food dyes like many people? This could be the reason you don’t do well with wine.
  • Sawdust– Another flavor hack. Some manufacturers add sawdust or wood chips to the process. This provides tannins and the flavor of an oak barrel at a lower price.
  • Commercial Yeasts– These may be the real culprits of the wine headache, especially for those who have histamine issues. Many manufacturers add commercial yeasts to speed up the fermentation. Many of these commercial yeasts are GMO. The best wines use only natural wild yeasts.
  • Sulphur– A somewhat controversial ingredient that is added as a stabilizer. It can also kill unwanted bacteria and wild yeasts. This is one additive that manufacturers must disclose, since a small fraction of people are highly sensitive to sulfur.
  • Sugar– Typically added during the fermentation process. It doesn’t make the wine sweeter like Mega Purple and Ultra Red, but it does speed fermentation and increase the alcohol content. Natural wines without added sugar are typically lower alcohol for this reason.
  • Fining  and Clarifying Agents– Added to change the finished flavor or profile. Egg whites are an age-old fining agent (which means some wines are not vegan). According to Wine Folly, other fining agents include: Dairy products (like milk and half and half), Isinglass (fish bladders), Gelatin, Protease (derived from pork or cow pancreas or stomach), and Casein.
  • Pesticides and Herbicides: Most non-organic wines contain traces of pesticides and herbicides. Round-up is the most used herbicide in US vineyards.

How to Avoid Additives

All of my research had me almost ready to give up wine forever until I met Todd White, founder of Dry Farms Wine at an event earlier this year.

Todd was well-versed on all the problems with most wines, but had figured out a solution. He founded Dry Farm Wines on the premise of using lab testing to find the highest quality wines that are free from additives.

These Natural Wines Are:

  • how-to-choose-a-high-quality-organic-wine-without-pesticides-or-moldLab tested to ensure quality and alcohol content of 12-12.5%
  • Sugar free– Their wines are lab tested for fructose and glucose, the two sugars found in wine. All contain <1g/L of total sugars, statistically sugar free. These low/no sugars are naturally occurring, nothing added or taken away. Carbs here come from the sugar content, since these are sugar free, they are also statistically carb free. Todd is on a strict keto diet and is able to drink these wines witohut a problem.
  • Mold/Mycotoxin Free– These are tested to be free of Ochratoxin A, a known carcinogen.
  • Natural, organic or bio-dynamic viticulture/farming
  • Dry farmed and don’t use irrigation
  • Old growth vines, generally 35-100 years
  • Hand harvested fruit from low yields
  • Made with minimal intervention
  • Fermented with wild native yeast (not commercial yeast)
  • Free of processed fining  and clarifying agents
  • Not using sawdust or wood chips for a fake oak flavor
  • No chaptalization (adding sugar to the grape must in fermentation)
  • Free of all other additives and preservatives

Dry Farmed Wines: A Better Option

When I found out that Todd’s wines met these strict criteria, I had to try them and I was amazed at the difference! I immediately noticed the smoothness and slight tang most of all. There was a definite difference between these and most other wines I’d tried that had a chalky feel that stayed on my teeth (probably Mega Purple).

I also noticed that I had no fogginess or headache the next day after drinking these wines. Todd claims that they are “hangover free.”

It seems like the only downside of Dry Farmed Wines is the price. They are pricier than most conventional varieties at local stores, but most high quality organic products are. Also, I’ve found the price well worth it since only moderate wine consumption is encouraged for the health benefits. I’d rather drink the higher quality kind less often than drink more of the bad stuff!

Since, I wasn’t able to find any other types that were lab tested to ensure quality, Dry Farms are the only wines in our house now.

This video explains a bit more about the rigorous Dry Farm Wine testing and selection process:

Final Thoughts on Wine Benefits

Since the studies are not conclusive on the health benefits of wine, there doesn’t seem to be enough evidence to encourage non-drinkers to start. But for those of us who already enjoy this nectar of the gods, there are some great benefits, especially from high quality wines like the ones mentioned above.

Because of my research, I now (almost exclusively) drink wines that are free of common additives, sugars, and contaminants (and I use the empty bottles to make mosquito-repelling tiki torches).

If you want to try Dry Farms Wine, click here to get a bottle for a penny with your first order. Then grab your wine key (my husband the ex-bartender loves this one), some good chocolate, and enjoy!

Like I said, they are pricer (but so is organic food), yet I’d personally rather drink less often and enjoy a higher quality.

Good wine is a necessity of life for me.
-Thomas Jefferson

Me too, Tommy, me too.

Are you a wine drinker? Did you know about all of the additives in many conventional wines?

all-about-wine-infographic

Sources
Katie Wells Avatar

About Katie Wells

Katie Wells, CTNC, MCHC, Founder of Wellness Mama and Co-founder of Wellnesse, has a background in research, journalism, and nutrition. As a mom of six, she turned to research and took health into her own hands to find answers to her health problems. WellnessMama.com is the culmination of her thousands of hours of research and all posts are medically reviewed and verified by the Wellness Mama research team. Katie is also the author of the bestselling books The Wellness Mama Cookbook and The Wellness Mama 5-Step Lifestyle Detox.

Comments

96 responses to “How to Get the Benefits of Wine without the Downsides”

  1. Breanna Avatar

    You’ve noted that the Spanish study says “a moderate consumption of 2-7 glasses a day” but the article says 2 – 7 small glasses per week. Thought I’d point that out so no one got too excited 😉

  2. Barb Avatar

    Dear Wellness Mama, I was just diagnosed with hypothyroidism and thyroiditis. I have researched about drinking alcohol with this condition and it should be voided. What are your thoughts on this?

  3. melissa Avatar

    Are there any Canadian wines and/or wines available in Canada that are healthy to drink? I realize that every batch is different but it would be nice to know if a certain brand is good.

  4. Tia Shoemaker Avatar
    Tia Shoemaker

    Great article, can you give any info on box wines and a list of wines you drink and trust?

    1. Katie - Wellness Mama Avatar

      I haven’t found a box wine that is glyphosate tested and ok, but I’m certainly still looking. Unfortunately, while there are some great US wine makers, the majority of them use additives and are contaminated with herbicides.

      1. Amanda Avatar

        Badger Mountain and Live a Lot are two box wine brands that are both certified organic so legally cannot be sprayed with synthetic pesticides including glyphosate/Round Up

        1. Katie - Wellness Mama Avatar

          There are a lot of good organic brands, but unfortunately, in lab testing, many of them still show up with trace amounts of glyphosate. This is likely from the ground water in the areas where they are grown, as so much agriculture happens in wine regions and these chemicals are widely sprayed in the area, even if not on the grapes.

  5. Sharon Reeve Avatar
    Sharon Reeve

    You left out something extremely important. Cryolite is a high-fluoride toxic pesticide that is used heavily on grapes. Fluoride is a neurotoxin. California wines are so high in fluoride that they are illegal to sell in Europe. Grapes are also treated with neonicotinoid pesticides, which are well known to be toxic for bees and birds. They are also toxic for people. Neonicotinoid pesticides are systemic pesticides, that you cannot wash off. Neonicotinoid exposure leads to permanent neurobehavioral impairment and tremors. Both chemicals, along with glyphosate, are present in non-organic wines and grapes.

  6. Jacee Avatar

    Would help if they would describe each wine. We always read the label before buying a wine because the description gives us an idea of what we’re buying. What kind of grapes? Blends? We don’t buy wine blindly.

  7. TAMI LINDSEY Avatar
    TAMI LINDSEY

    Make your own wine from organic grape juice, it’s super easy and inexpensive. All you need is champagne yeast and an airlock for the top of the bottle, both of which are available on Amazon. It only takes about five days!

  8. Penny Avatar

    I don’t want to be a ‘downer Dave’ here but there is no mention of ethanol in this post. I have personally withnessed many friends become hospitalized from gut issues related to wine consumption…and only moderate consumption…It destroys the gut mucosal layer. I love my wine, probably more than most people, but ethanol is a poison and it is in all wine. At the very least, to be fair, I think ethanol should be mentioned.

  9. barb Avatar

    Not a fan of monthly subscriptions to ANYTHING. Too bad you can’t buy it one bottle at a time….especially so you can try it without spending so much.

  10. Rhiannon Lynn Avatar
    Rhiannon Lynn

    Vintage Roots have the best organic and biodynamic wines, beers, spirits and ciders and other drinky-things! I think they deliver worldwide, and they’re based in southern England – we buy all of our good wine from them and the fizz is very good as well.

    🙂

  11. Amy Avatar

    Thanks for the info! Would you say wine made in Europe is less likely to have as many additives and chemical laced soil? Just trying to think of less expensive alternatives:)

  12. Jeanmarie Avatar
    Jeanmarie

    Dry Farm Wines sounds wonderful! Unfortunately, I live in Utah, the only state that won’t allow shipments of wine directly to consumers — we have to buy alcohol at the state liquor stores. It’s only in recent years that grocery stores could sell beer — no wine — and it has to be low-alcohol beer (no more than 4%).

    So, it would be a great service to Utahans is someone would publish a list of wineries that make wines that fit the Dry Farm Wines criteria, since you can’t tell just by reading the label.

  13. Kara Avatar

    I LOVE wine so this post just reinforced my wine drinking lol. I love that wine drinkers will retain brain function longer. I am concerned that there is not an easy way to find what wines are beneficial and what wines are full of additives. How did you do your research so I can research the wines that I drink?
    Thanks!
    Kara

  14. Stefan Avatar

    Huge fan of this article.

    I agree that the benefits of Reservatol from wine probably just isn’t there.

    In my experience (as an ex wine bar employee) the type of people who drink wine like to socialize, have fun and enjoy life. I have no idea if this happens *because* of the wine itself. Or, if wine drinkers are naturally outgoing and health-conscious, and are attracted to drinking wine for this reason 🙂

    Either way, I think that the social side of drinking wine plays the greatest role in wine’s health benefits.

  15. Mary Greenwade Avatar
    Mary Greenwade

    I tried to get my penny wine as your website said, but it came up not found . What happened.

  16. Kaby Avatar

    A famous dietitian who is a friend of our family recommended that if you wanted as close to organic wine production without paying for the organic certificate, buy wine from Chile. It has few additives and is not based on the French school or wine production. I have never had a hangover even if I go overboard on Chilean wine. Can highly recommend it.

  17. Cherie Avatar

    Really enjoy wellness mama but in this article there are a number of errors in this article about the facts of winemaking, too much to mention all in one comment. But one thing important to point out is that organic and biodynamic wines are NOT spray free. Rather they are restricted in what they are allowed to spray and thus organic and biodynamic producers must rely a lot on copper sulfate sprays. This means these wines often have higher levels of copper residue which is toxic for the liver.

    Like most things in life the key is moderation and balance-not reductive classification of wines by terms used for marketing purposes.

    1. Lori Avatar

      That’s very interesting. The last time I ate organic USA grapes I felt kind of sick over the next days. I wonder if that could be why. I wash them really well.

  18. Femi Cole Avatar

    Thanks for the info. I’ve never been much of a wine drinker but after reading this blog post, I’m seriously considering finding a bottle of Dry Farms to put it to the test. I’ll let you know how it goes.

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