Guide to Growing Herbs for Cooking, Remedies, and More

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I love my herb and spice cabinet because it allows me to whip up a tasty meal any time. I buy some of the herbs, especially if they are dried and I need them in bulk, but we all know fresh herbs cost a pretty penny at the store! Good news: it’s incredibly easy to start an herb garden and start growing herbs just steps from your front door.

In fact, an herb garden is exactly where a beginning gardener may want to start since most herbs are hardy, inexpensive, and low maintenance.

Growing Herbs at Home (Even Indoors!)

Planting an herb garden is a great way to have fresh herbs available just outside your doorstep. Herbs lose their potency the older they are so for the best nutrient profile and medicinal properties growing your own herbs is best.

You can also dry any herbs that you can’t use fresh and save them for a time when your outdoor herb garden is not growing.

p.s. If you rent or don’t have much yard for a garden, don’t rule out growing herbs quite yet! You can plant an indoor herb garden in any number of patio containers or grow herbs inside as long as you have a window that gets at least 6-8 hours of sun a day (or use a grow light).

Here are my instructions for planting an indoor herb garden.

How to Plant an Outdoor Herb Garden

Indoor herb gardens are great, but if you want to grow more herbs than what will fit in your window, an outdoor herb garden is a must.

Here are the basic steps for getting started:

  • Choose a location – Your herb garden should be as close to your door as possible (so you’ll actually use it!) but most importantly it should be a spot that gets full sun with well-drained soil.
  • Prep the soil – Adding good quality compost or manure (to loosened garden soil) is one of the easiest ways to improve your soil health. But if you need a little more guidance, check out this healthy soil guide (there’s also some info there about starting a garden from scratch). If you’re using (or building) raised beds, the soil is usually easier to prep.
  • Plant seeds and seedlings – Plant your seeds and seedlings in your garden bed. Most will need to be planted after the risk of frost is over but some can go in sooner. Check the seed packets for guidance.
  • Care for garden – Make sure your garden has plenty of water and that you remove or suppress weeds and pests throughout the growing season.
  • Harvest herbs – When it’s time, harvest your herbs and use them in your favorite recipes (or dry them for later).

While the above are basic steps for starting your garden, each herb has slightly different needs. Choose the herbs that you will use most frequently, and then learn a bit about their individual needs.

Planting Herbs: Best Herbs for Your Garden

Choosing which herbs to grow can be overwhelming! Here are my favorite culinary herbs to grow in my garden (many are medicinal too!).


Sage is native to the Mediterranean and can be described as having a pine and citrus flavor that we tend to associate with the Thanksgiving meal. Sage has many uses:

  • remedy for sore throat and indigestion
  • gives homemade sausage a distinct “sausage” flavor
  • adds depth to chicken broth
  • pairs nicely with winter squash

How to Grow

Sage grows easily from seed so you can sow directly in the ground assuming your growing season is long enough. It can also be grown from cuttings. Sage is a drought-tolerant plant so it can survive with minimal watering. A good rule of thumb is to let it dry out and then water well.

How to Harvest

If you are just cutting enough sage for a dish, you can pinch off as many leaves as you need. If you are harvesting more than that, you can cut an entire stem or more. Just keep in mind that if you are in an area where sage is a perennial herb (zone 5+) and you harvest a large amount, you need to give the plant some time to recover before the first frost (at least a few weeks).


Another Mediterranean herb, oregano is great in tomato sauces and Italian or Greek food in general. Oregano can be used in many ways:

How to Grow

Oregano can be grown from seed but also from cuttings. This herb is also drought tolerant so should be allowed to dry out before watering again.

How to Harvest

Let the plants grow to at least 4-8 inches tall and then cut the stems. Never cut more than shoot of the plant at one time. The best flavor is when flower buds are just forming.


Rosemary is a woody herb that has a distinctive pine flavor. It is one of the herbs that holds its flavor relatively well after being dried. Roast some potatoes with rosemary for an easy side and it will also make your house smell incredible.

Other uses for rosemary include:

  • a flavoring for vegetables, meats, and broths
  • boosting skin and scalp health
  • fighting illness in when used in tea form

How to Grow

Rosemary is also a Mediterranean herb that is drought tolerant. But this herb is best started indoors rather than direct sowed. Rosemary grows to four feet high and wide, so give it plenty of space to spread out.

How to Harvest

Cut young stems and leaves for the best taste (but prune the old ones for a healthier plant). Don’t cut more than shoot of the plant at a time.


Thyme has a subtle floral, herbaceous, and piney or slightly minty flavor. It’s best known as a poultry seasoning but can be delicious with lamb, fish, and egg dishes too.

Thyme has many uses:

  • aromatically for respiratory issues
  • as a potent antioxidant
  • to soothe the stomach

How to Grow

Thyme is hard to germinate from seed so it’s best to buy a plant or grab a cutting from another plant (or ask a friend!). Thyme can be planted 2-3 weeks before the last frost date.

How to Harvest

Harvest leaves and sprigs as you need them. Thyme keeps its flavor throughout the growing season so can be harvested at any time.


This flavorful herb has a bright and easily recognizable taste.

Peppermint can be used in many ways:

  • as a tea for upset stomach, indigestion, morning sickness, etc.
  • to relieve colic
  • in a tea or diffuser to promote relaxation
  • to cleanse the air

How to Grow

Mint is hard to grow from seed and won’t grow true-to-type because many mint varieties (including peppermint) are hybrids. The best thing to do is to buy a plant or get a cutting. It spreads really easily so grow it in a container (in potting soil) or plant it in a bottomless container directly in the ground.

How to Harvest

Mint can be harvested all season but if you want to pick extra for storage, harvest just before the flowers bloom.


This summer-thriving herb is a must for Italian food or Thai food. And when you are overflowing with end-of-the-summer basil, you can always make pesto and freeze it for a later date.

Uses for basil include:

  • soothing coughs and cold
  • calming the stomach
  • soothing stings and bites
  • regulating blood sugar

How to Grow

Basil is really easy to grow and can be started from seed. If starting from seed, set seeds 6-8 weeks before last spring frost. Basil likes sun, lots of water, and fertile soil.

How to Harvest

Pinch off leaves just above a leaf pair and start from the top to encourage bushing out. For a larger harvest be careful not to take more than shoot of the plant at one time (and allow time for recovery).


This herb is a summertime favorite. It has a distinct taste that adds dimension to cold dishes. Dill seed can be used like a bay leaf in stocks and stews or in flavoring fermented foods. Dill has many uses:

  • sprinkle on tuna, salmon, or chicken salad
  • add to homemade ranch dressing
  • use in dill pickle recipes
  • medicinally for energy and improved digestion

How to Grow

Dill doesn’t transplant well so direct sow the seeds after the risk of frost is over.

How to Harvest

When the plant has at least four leaves you can start harvesting the leaves (dill weed). In summer when the dill flowers, you can cut the dill heads and use those for fermentation. Dill seed can be harvested after the plant bolts (goes to seed).


If there’s an herb that’s good in everything, this is it. Parsley is a versatile herb with a mild taste most seem to enjoy. Parsley has many uses:

  • as a remedy for GI and urinary issues
  • to replace cilantro in many recipes
  • adds flavor to broths and stocks
  • in pesto or marinades

How to Grow

Parsley takes a long time to germinate so it’s important to start it indoors about 10-12 weeks before the last spring frost. It can be planted outside 2-4 weeks before the last frost date for your area.

How to Harvest

Parsley is ready to be harvested when the leaf stems have three segments. Cut parsley on the outer part of the plant and about 2 inches from the ground.


Cilantro is delicious and a necessity in various kinds of ethnic food like guacamole or spring rolls. It has a complex citrusy flavor that people tend to love or hate. Cilantro uses include:

How to Grow

Cilantro grows fast and bolts (goes to seed) just as quickly, especially in hot conditions. Plant small plots of seeds a few weeks apart and water and harvest regularly so you have a continuous supply of cilantro. The best time is after risk of frost but before really hot weather.

How to Harvest

Trim the plant about a quarter of the way down. The part that’s left can grow more cilantro. You can also save the seeds (coriander) and use those in some recipes.

Grow Herbs Right Outside Your Door

Growing your own herb garden is a great way to guarantee you will have access to healthy, fresh herbs throughout the growing season. If you’re just starting out and feel overwhelmed, choose 3-5 herbs to start with and learn all about them. As you gain confidence, you can expand your garden to include more culinary herbs (and maybe some medicinal ones too!).

This article was medically reviewed by Dr. Jolene Brighten, a women’s health naturopathic medical doctor and practicing physician. As always, this is not personal medical advice and we recommend that you talk with your doctor.

Do you grow herbs? What’s your favorite herb to grow and use?

Katie Wells Avatar

About Katie Wells

Katie Wells, CTNC, MCHC, Founder of Wellness Mama and Co-founder of Wellnesse, has a background in research, journalism, and nutrition. As a mom of six, she turned to research and took health into her own hands to find answers to her health problems. is the culmination of her thousands of hours of research and all posts are medically reviewed and verified by the Wellness Mama research team. Katie is also the author of the bestselling books The Wellness Mama Cookbook and The Wellness Mama 5-Step Lifestyle Detox.


4 responses to “Guide to Growing Herbs for Cooking, Remedies, and More”

  1. Jann Avatar

    Wow, what great timing! I was just looking to do this! I need to use planters as I don’t have much garden space and was wondering what type of container would be safest? I see plastic and ceramic pots around a lot, but wonder if BPA for plastic and lead for the ceramic would be an issue? Would wood be best and if so, would it need to be raw, unpainted and untreated? Any advice would be greatly appreciated as this will be my first step to hopefully planting other foods as well. Thank you! Love your website Katie!

  2. Caro Avatar

    You repeatedly say “don’t harvest more than shoot at a time”. I have been gardening for fifty years and have never heard this reference. What does it mean as far as now much to harvest?

  3. judee Avatar

    Many thanks for creating such an informative and easy to understand article but i prefer the one i am using right now. Aquaponics taught me more than I ever imagined about growing herbs for cooking and every other thing i am also willing to share!

    1. Dee Avatar

      So please share! I’ve heard of aquaponics but have never tried.

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